Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets
by William Stein
Publisher: Springer 2004
Number of pages: 166
This is a textbook about prime numbers, congruences, basic public-key cryptography, quadratic reciprocity, continued fractions, elliptic curves, and number theory algorithms. We assume the reader has some familiarity with groups, rings, and fields, and some programming experience. This book grew out of an undergraduate course that the author taught at Harvard University in 2001 and 2002.
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by W W L Chen - Macquarie University
An introduction to the elementary techniques of number theory: division and factorization, arithmetic functions, congruences, quadratic residues, sums of integer squares, elementary prime number theory, Gauss sums and quadratic reciprocity.
by Joseph H. Silverman - Pearson Education, Inc.
Introductory undergraduate text designed to entice non-math majors into learning some mathematics, while at the same time teaching them how to think mathematically. The exposition is informal, with a wealth of examples that are analyzed for patterns.
by Thomas Taylor, A. J. Valpy
The substance of all that has been written on this subject by Nicomachus, Iamblichus, and Boetius, together with some particulars respecting perfect, amicable, and other numbers, which are not to be found in the writings of modern mathematicians.
by Wissam Raji - The Saylor Foundation
These are notes for an undergraduate course in number theory. Proofs of basic theorems are presented in an interesting and comprehensive way that can be read and understood even by non-majors. The exercises broaden the understanding of the concepts.