Proofs and Concepts: the fundamentals of abstract mathematics
by Dave Witte Morris, Joy Morris
Publisher: University of Lethbridge 2009
Number of pages: 220
This free undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to proofs, logic, sets, functions, and other fundamental topics of abstract mathematics. It is designed to be the textbook for a bridge course that introduces undergraduates to abstract mathematics, but it is also suitable for independent study by undergraduates (or mathematically mature high-school students), or for use as a very inexpensive supplement to undergraduate courses in any field of abstract mathematics.
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by Alexander Bogomolny - Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles
I'll distinguish between two broad categories. The first is characterized by simplicity. In the second group the proofs will be selected mainly for their charm. Most of the proofs in this book should be accessible to a middle grade school student.
by Farshid Hajir - University of Massachusetts
Problem Solving, Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning, An introduction to Proofs; Logic and Sets; Sets and Maps; Counting Principles and Finite Sets; Relations and Partitions; Induction; Number Theory; Counting and Uncountability; Complex Numbers.
by Elias Zakon - The Trillia Group
The book will help students complete the transition from purely manipulative to rigorous mathematics. It covers basic set theory, induction, quantifiers, functions and relations, equivalence relations, properties of the real numbers, fields, etc.
by Richard Hammack - Virginia Commonwealth University
This textbook is an introduction to the standard methods of proving mathematical theorems. It is written for an audience of mathematics majors at Virginia Commonwealth University, and is intended to prepare the students for more advanced courses.