Symbolic Logic: A First Course
by Gary Hardegree
Publisher: Mcgraw-Hill College 1999
Number of pages: 468
Contents: Basic Concepts of Logic; Truth-Functional Connectives; Validity in Sentential Logic; Translations in Sentential Logic; Derivations in Sentential Logic; Translations in Monadic Predicate Logic; Translations in Polyadic Predicate Logic; Derivations in Predicate Logic.
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by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
This course assumes you know how to use truth functions and quantifiers as tools. Our task here is to study these very tools. Contents: logic of truth functional connectives; first order logic of extensional predicates, operators, and quantifiers.
An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital.
by Bertrand Russell - University of Massachusetts Amherst
A very accessible mathematical classic. It sets forth in elementary form the logical definition of number, the analysis of the notion of order, the modern doctrine of the infinite, and the theory of descriptions and classes as symbolic fictions.
by Wolfgang Rautenberg - Springer
A well-written introduction to the beautiful and coherent subject. It contains classical material such as logical calculi, beginnings of model theory, and Goedel's incompleteness theorems, as well as some topics motivated by applications.