The First Stars
by Simon C. O. Glover
Publisher: arXiv 2012
Number of pages: 72
The author discusses our current understanding of the physical processes involved in the formation of Population III stars. He shows how we can identify the mass scale of the first dark matter halos to host Population III star formation, and discusses how gas undergoes gravitational collapse within these halos, eventually reaching protostellar densities.
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by James N. Pierce - Minnesota State University
This book provides an introduction to the details of the structure, operation, and evolution of stars. It will be most useful to undergraduates in upper-level astronomy courses and graduate students taking Stellar Interiors or Stellar Atmospheres.
by Andreas Schmitt - arXiv
Cold and dense nuclear and quark matter can be found in the interior of compact stars. The author gives a pedagogical introduction to microscopic calculations based on phenomenological models, effective theories, and perturbative QCD.
A supernova is a stellar explosion that briefly outshines an entire galaxy, radiating as much energy as the Sun or any ordinary star is expected to emit over its entire life span, before fading from view over several weeks or months.
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The authors focus on the astrophysical aspects, i.e. a description of the evolution of massive stars and their endpoints, with a special emphasis on the composition of their ejecta in form of stellar winds during the evolution or of explosive ejecta.