Galileo and Einstein
by Michael Fowler
Publisher: UVa 2009
Number of pages: 198
This course traces the historical development of some key scientific ideas: space, time, motion, mass and force. Philosophers, and more practical people, have struggled with these concepts since the earliest recorded times. Their combined efforts have been fruitful: real progress in understanding has evolved over the centuries.
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by Sunil Mukhi - arXiv
This text provides some historical background and then reviews developments in string theory over the last twenty-five years. Both perturbative and non-perturbative approaches are surveyed and their impact on how we view quantum gravity is analysed.
Contents: Multiverse; Many-worlds interpretation; Novikov self-consistency principle; Wormhole; Faster-than-light; Chronology protection conjecture; Philosophy of space and time; Eternalism; Determinism; Free will; Time travel in fiction; etc.
by Max Planck - Columbia University Press
Landmark lectures (1909) by discoverer of quantum theory present revolutionary developments occasioned by application of quantum hypothesis to blackbody radiation. Also, how statistical mechanics transformed understanding of chemical physics.
by Guido Bacciagaluppi, Antony Valentini - Cambridge University Press
1927 Solvay conference reconsidered. Contrary to folklore, the interpretation question was not settled at this conference and no consensus was reached; instead, a range of sharply conflicting views were presented and extensively discussed.